Prediabetes is a “pre-diagnosis” of type 2 diabetes— think of it as a warning sign. It’s when your blood glucose level is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough to be considered type 2 diabetes.
Prediabetes is an indication that you could develop type 2 diabetes if you don’t make some lifestyle changes.
The good news is that it is possible to prevent prediabetes from turning into type 2 diabetes. We recommend eating healthy food, reaching and maintaining a healthy weight, and being physically active. All of these can help you bring your blood glucose level back into the normal range, 80-120.
There are often no symptoms for prediabetes. That is why you must check your A1C regularly if you have a history of diabetes in your family or have areas of darkened skin. The glycated hemoglobin test, or A1C test, is a blood test that provides an average of your blood glucose levels for the past three months, rather than just a test of your current level.
Unaffected by recent meals, the A1C test measures the percentage of hemoglobin — an oxygen-transporting protein in red blood cells — to which glucose is bound. A high percentage (more than 6.5 percent) indicates diabetes.