Prevention and Pre-diabetes

Pre-diabetes

Prediabetes is a “pre-diagnosis” of type 2 diabetes— think of it as a warning sign. It’s when your blood glucose level is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough to be considered type 2 diabetes.
 
Prediabetes is an indication that you could develop type 2 diabetes if you don’t make some lifestyle changes.
 
The good news is that it is possible to prevent prediabetes from turning into type 2 diabetes. We recommend eating healthy food, reaching and maintaining a healthy weight, and being physically active. All of these can help you bring your blood glucose level back into the normal range, 80-120.
There are often no symptoms for prediabetes. That is why you must check your A1C regularly if you have a history of diabetes in your family or have areas of darkened skin. The glycated hemoglobin test, or A1C test, is a blood test that provides an average of your blood glucose levels for the past three months, rather than just a test of your current level.
Unaffected by recent meals, the A1C test measures the percentage of hemoglobin — an oxygen-transporting protein in red blood cells — to which glucose is bound. A high percentage (more than 6.5 percent) indicates diabetes.

Prevention

 

You will not develop type 2 diabetes automatically if you have prediabetes. For some people with prediabetes, early treatment can actually return blood glucose levels to the normal range.


When it comes to type 2 diabetes — the most common type of diabetes — prevention is a big deal. It's especially important to make diabetes prevention a priority if you're at increased risk of diabetes, such as if you're overweight or you have a family history of the disease. Diabetes prevention is as basic as eating more healthfully, becoming more physically active and losing a few extra pounds. It's never too late to start. Making a few simple changes in your lifestyle now may help you avoid the serious health complications of diabetes down the road, such as nerve, kidney and heart damage. 

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